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Friday, November 13, 2009


Article by Subrata Pandey
Resource: rajasthan patrika 2nd dec 07
Nirogdham ( rainy season 1988, Magazine’s year 10 , sl no: 3)
Kayachikitsa by kaviraj ramraksh pathak ayurvedachrya
Dr. B.K Pandey, Ayurveda specialist ( Guidance)
Photo credits to

Ayurveda believes wath( air,vayu ), peet(bile), kaf(cough) this is in the balance amount are considered as dhatus(minerals) in our body and imbalance of any of this three becomes doshas
( doshas here means the wrong which is responsible for illness and diseases) in our body.

The whole body –heart –soul chemistry foundation is on this dhatus/doshas.
It is quite interesting to know that wath, peet, kaf this three in balanced state are called dhatus which results in arogya and healthy and happy life and in imbalanced state doshas that results in illness and unhealthy, unhappy life. So it is really very important to know key to healthy, happy and arogya life by knowing which doshas we have. I hope this article will help you in finding you your doshas and key to your living life.
To know what is health and healthy life we have to know the composition of our body which is responsible for health.
There are total thirteen Agnis which compose the body. Now we will learn about those thirteen Agnis:
  • Three doshas: waatagni ( air), peetagni (bile), kafagni (cough);
  • Three excreation doshas : purishagni ( latrine), mutragni( toilet), swedagni( paseena, sweat)
  • 7 dhatus i.e rasagni (nectar), rhaktagni ( blood), asthiagni (bone), maansagni ( flesh), shukragni  (semen), majjagni (muscles), medagni ( fat)
Bhautikagniya are the five basic elements:
  • Panch tanmatras or the five basic elements i.e. Earth ( prithvi), water ( jala), fire ( teja), air (vayu) and sound (shabda); 
    photo credits to naturallygreen.files

    All this agnis in there balanced state in the body is the key to healthy body and disturbance or imbalance in any of this agnis gives birth to illness and diseases or say results in unhealthy body.
    In this explanation of health and healthy life wath, peet, kafa is mentioned at first as this three determines the true state of the body. To keep proper care of the health and strengthening the immune system it is very important and necessary to keep yourself aware and curious for learning and acquiring knowledge about your body and you.
    It is amazing to know Body-Heart where illness, diseases, unhealthy and unhappiness dwells at that same place healthy, happiness, love dwells.
    It is the body and heart that determines the state if it is unhealthy or healthy. The symptoms are reflected through the body and heart.
    Physical illness is responsible because of disturbances in Agnis or dhatus which results in doshas and mental illness is due to raja
    ( menstrual/ period/discharge related) and tama( unhealthy eating habbits and behaviour) mental Doshas.


    Body’s three doshas which is also called treedoshas is if calm and in peace state then they are called dhatus because that forms the body and imbalanced, disturbed state is called doshas that gives birth to illness or unhealthy life.

    Wath ( vayu/ Air) : Nature: sheetal ( cool), rhuka ( dry), shukshm ( small), chanchal (unstable ), karkash
    ( harsh), halka( light)
    Nature which is very similar to Air and the opposite of this nature which are ushna (hot), snigd ( oily, smooth), bhari( heavy), sthul ( fat ), sthir ( stable ), soumya ( soft ); all this destroys the wath.

    Peet ( bile) : Nature: snehyukta ( kind ), garam ( hot), tishkna ( sharp ), dravya (material ), amal ( sour ), sir
    ( head), and katu (harsh ),.
    Nature which is opposite to it like snig ( oily/smooth), sheetal ( cool), mridu ( soft ), madhur ( sweet), sthir 
    ( stable ), all this is responsible in destroying or minimizing peet.

    Kafa ( cough): Nature: bhari ( heavy), sheetal ( cool), mridu ( soft ), snig ( oily/smooth), madhur( sweet), chipakne wale ( sticky)
    Nature opposite of which is responsible in its destruction or minimization of kafa are halka ( light), ushna
    ( hot/warm), tishkna ( sharp), rhuka( dry), katu ( harsh/cruel), chanchal (unstable ), wishad( unhappiness),

    Any nature among all this above mentioned nature of this three doshas if prevails in body for a longer period of time and in excess amount results in unhealthiness. And to recover from this unhealthiness the opposite nature are used or practiced.

    Extreme of anything is never good. And extreme is responsible for unhappiness.

    For properly understanding wath, peet, kafa we have to understand rasas which was mentioned in Agnis, because rasas are responsible in aggravating or calming this doshas.

    RASAS: According to Ayurveda and in this article the rasa which is being talked about is the rasas which is tasted by our tounge. But rasas are also considered in other aspects and in total there are 63 rasas but here 

    Ayurveda briefly and broadly discuss the 6 main rasas
    1. madhur ( meetha/sweet)
    2. aml ( khatta/ sour)
    3. lavan ( namkin/salty)
    4. katu ( kadva/bitter)
    5. tit ( charpara/ chilly)
    6. kashaya ( kasaila/bitter)
    How this rasas are related to doshas:

    Madhur ( sweet), aml ( sour), and lavan(salty) rasa calms down the wath doshas.

    Kasaya( bitter), madhur( sweet), tikht ( chilly) rasa calms down peet doshas.
    Katu ( bitter), tikhta (chilly), kashaya(bitter) rasa calms down kafa doshas.

    Rasas which calms down kafa doshas aggravate wath doshas and rasas which calms down wath doshas aggravate kafa doshas. And peeta doshas get aggravated due to the rasas of watha and kafa doshas both i.e. katu ( bitter), aml ( sour), lavan ( salty).

    These rasas are also related to pancmahabhut that is five basic elements which is mentioned earlier.

    Affect of Rasas:
    1.Madhur Rasa – water and earth gives birth to this Madhur rasa and kafa doshas are also born because of water and earth. Thus excess of madhur rasa results in kafa doshas.

    2.Aml Rasa – this rasa along with earth aggravates kafa doshas and along with fire aggravates peeta doshas by increasing bile in the body.

    3.Lavan Rasa – this rasa along with water aggravates kafa doshas and along with fire aggravates peeta doshas.

    4.Katu Rasa – along with air aggravates waat doshas and along with fire aggravates peeta doshas.

    5.Thikta Rasa – along withair and sky this aggravates waat doshas.

    6.Kashaya Rasa – along with air it aggravates waat doshas.

    Effect of Rasas:
    1.Madhur Rasa calms down peeta Doshas
    2.Aml Rasa calms down waat Doshas
    3.Lavan Rasa calms down waat Doshas
    4.Katu Rasa calms down kafa Doshas
    5.Thikta Rasa calms down kafa and peeta Doshas
    6.Kashaya Rasa calms down kafa and peeta Doshas.

    This whole article is scientific and is completely Ayurveda and most of the facts are directly translated from Shushrut Shahinta and Sharghandhar Sahinta.

    So after knowing about the whole Rasa , five basic elements and all the agnis relationship with one another and the way they give birth to doshas , we got to know that the rasa to which we are addicted and whose excess intake results in specific Doshas could be minimized by the intake of Rasas of opposite nature and minimizing the intake of that particular Rasas to which one is addicted. So balancing the body composition by knowing its doshas it is easy to keep you healthy and fit.

    Now we will learn to identify Doshas and its symptoms.

    Physical Symptoms:
    • thin, do not gain weight easily
    • height is more than average or less than average
    • thin neck and thin hair
    • physical energy too much or too less
    • appetite increase and decrease, not stable
    • complain of constipation
    • Dry skin
    • Cold hands and feet
    • Insomnia
    • Warm weather is favorable and good
    Mental symptoms:
    • Creative and dream a lot, imaginative
    • Active and alert
    • Easily learn and forget
    • Tension, suspicious, and insecure
    • Ever ready and active
    • Irregular lifestyle
    • Colourful
    Always remember:
    • Always be determined and say “ everything is good and fine and there is no need to worry about anything”
    • Meditation will help in keeping you rooted to earth
    • Include your desirable activity or hobby in your daily routine and behavior.
    Physical symptoms:
    • Average height and body build up, easily gain and loose weight
    • Normal height
    • Sharp features
    • High energy level
    • High appetite
    • Strong digestion but sometime constipation
    • Pinky, oily skin and eyes are bulged in
    • Heavy and easy sweat
    • Winter weather is favorable and summer is not favorable
    Mental symtoms:
    • Determined
    • Sharp tongue
    • Curious and Inquisitive
    • Leadership
    • Complicated
    • Easily tempered and take tesion
    • Easily become sad
    • If don’t get food then also they get easily upset and angry
    • Stubborn
    • Bold and competitive
    Always remember:
    • Always say “ I am giving my best and will do my best rest everything is on God”;
    • Regular meditation for controlling anger and doing justice
    • Avoid criticizing and accept and learn good things
    Physical symptoms:
    · Easily gain weight but hard to loose
    · Small and fat or good height and healthy build up
    · Dense hair and thick neck
    · Powerful and capable
    · Weak digestive system, feel heavy after having food
    · Regular excretion system
    · Soft, yellowish and oily skin
    · Easily have a deep sleep
    · Easily catch cold
    · Hot weather favorable
    Mental symptoms:
    · Kind and heartily
    · Peaceful
    · Slow and peaceful lifestyle
    · Don’t learn easily but good memory
    · Sentimental and lovable
    · Organized
    · Committed to self and family
    · Help in progress of others
    · Good listener and people like talking and sharing there feelings with them
    · Loyal

    Always remember:
    · Always say with full determination and confidence” present is the only truth”
    · To lessen emotions and disappointment meditation is necessary
    · Regular exercise

    Now after carefully going through this article, get to know your doshas and start living your life by balancing your doshas.
    For balancing the doshas you have to include the rasas which is opposite to the nature of your doshas and thus minimizing your doshas and balancing your life.

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